Any agreement, whether in writing or not, is legally enforceable in Cyprus. Within a month of the start date, however, employers must offer information on the terms of employment. A written employment contract is not required either. Any written statement of the terms of employment that is signed by the employer, including a contract or letter of appointment, is acceptable.
The rights and obligations under all employment contracts are governed by both statutory and common law. Whether or whether they are specified in the contract is irrelevant in this regard. These are a few employee rights:
Some industries guarantee their workers the minimum pay.
The Termination of Employment Law is the most significant statute in Cyprus that relates to employment law. It controls how employment ends, and its main goal is to safeguard workers from being fired. The personnel of both the public and private sectors are covered by this statute.
Employers are required to provide proper notice of termination in accordance with the Termination of Employment Law of 1967. However, the length of service affects the notice period:
Employers are obligated to provide a reason for dismissal. If they cannot give a reason or the reason is unjustified, the employee has the right to file a claim of unlawful dismissal.
There are certain circumstances where employers are not lawfully entitled to terminate an employment contract. For instance, your employer legally can’t fire you for being a member of a trade union or a safety committee. Similarly, you can’t be dismissed for filing a complaint in good faith.
Employers are entitled to terminate an employment agreement and dismiss the employee in the following scenarios lawfully
There are further requirements for redundancy-based terminations. As long as employees are given sufficient notice, an employer may legally terminate an employment agreement if a business closes or moves to a different location. Redundancy may also be brought on by changes in technology or other aspects of the production process. A corporation may also terminate workers on the grounds of redundancy in the following situations:
If a product is no longer profitable on the market, companies that downsize will see a decline in profits.
The 1997 Protection of Maternity Law in Cyprus ensures that both male and female employees get time off following the birth of a child. Workers are allowed up to two weeks of paternity leave and 18 weeks of uninterrupted maternity leave.
Employers are not required by this statute to provide wages or other benefits to workers who are on maternity leave. It does, however, prevent pregnant workers from being fired because of their pregnancy. Employees who are pregnant are also entitled to paid time off.
Employees in Cyprus are safeguarded by employment and labor legislation against all forms of discrimination (age, gender, language, race, ethnicity, nationality, religion, sexual orientation, or political beliefs). In Cyprus, while employees are entitled to equal pay for equal labor, unequal remuneration based on sex is expressly forbidden.
Employees who report of sexual harassment are likewise protected by the law. Gender Equality Inspectors or the Ombudsman should investigate sexual harassment accusations.
Employees have two alternatives in the event of unfairness. Depending on the type of discrimination, they may submit a complaint to the appropriate authorities or a legal suit. Employees have the right to sue for damages, reinstatement, and legal costs if their discrimination claim is upheld.